Attributes of Higher Education in USA & the Future of Education


Attributes of Higher Education in USA & the Future of Education 



The most prominent higher education attributes in the United States because it represents a fundamental value of the American people, Obtaining a college degree is - in itself - the minimum requirement for the individual to succeed in life, secure and functional secure future, and that the American family is preparing since the early to inflict sons and daughters in the ancient and famous universities after graduating high school, and if their attempts failed as a result of the academic requirements or lack of economic power seeks to enroll them in one of the public universities, which reduced their fees as a result of government support

the Future of Education



If this is not admission to these
universities, the other option is to direct them to community colleges that give the student a diploma for two years and then the student gets the opportunity to transfer to universities, or to go to work and then try to complete his studies in the future. In order to prepare for university study is investing a lot of families some of the material income in a special children's bank accounts even if you have reached the Undergraduate found tuition fees available to the family, many families also benefits from loans and scholarships offered by the government and private institutions to support the enrollment of students in higher education
This attention to higher education has led to the proliferation of universities and colleges in all states, large and small cities, creating an opportunity for all interested in education, not only for the people of the country but also to encourage the enrollment of foreign students from other countries once the academic requirements and financial capability available.

 This openness to the outside world contributed to attract the best scientific talent from all over the world, Students of foreigners who receive diplomas from American universities find it easily suitable work in corporate, government and private institutions, and so are turning to foreign students to the new immigrants get some citizenship or permanent residency and turning to manpower contribute to strengthening the position of the new state.
It distinguishes the higher education institutions in the US huge spending on education and from different sources. Despite the fact that private universities and state universities and colleges charge tuition fees of students enrolled, but that those fees represent only a small percentage of its annual budget

And provide other sources such as government support and decades of scientific research and consulting, investments, endowments and donations real support to those institutions. Statistics indicate that the total spending on higher education in the United States exceeds $ 250 billion in one world, a very large number compared to what is spent on higher education in the rest of the world
And other sources of funding for higher education institutions donations large financial gifts offered by private institutions, whether companies and institutions, economic or charitable institutions, for example, The Bill and Melinda Gates, founder of Microsoft grant company scientists of $ billion for twenty years for a number of university programs

 It provided Lien and Flora Hylwit charity donation to the University of Stanford in 2001 of 400 million dollars, and made Baterk and Laura Mkovven Foundation Institute of Technology Mashuts gift of $ 350 million .. and so on. The endowments They also represent one of the sources of funding for private universities, it has total assets of endowments of Harvard University alone reached 18 billion, eight hundred million dollars, followed by Bill University of slightly more than $ 11 billion and then Princeton University to $ 8 billion.
And it provides graduates unions called Alumnni Associations also financially and morally support whatever government and private universities, where universities are interested to keep the links ties with its graduates always invite them to contribute to the support of the university and its programs.

In finance statistics for the year 2003/2002 Harvard University ranked first in terms of supporting the Union of graduates where I got $ 285 million in donations and grants graduates, followed by the University of Texas at Austin where she received a $ 205 million, and Cornell University, where he got $ 172 million.
And Higher Education attributes in the United States interest in scientific and professional competence, where many of the specialized institutions have been established and the efforts of the volunteer leaders of education, specialists and faculty members to develop accreditation and evaluation of university programs standards in the light of these criteria, which is renewed and constantly changing through poses in specialized conferences and scientific symposia .

These institutions in raising the level of competition between the universities and colleges have contributed to making them always looking to get a confession or an external evaluation of the neutral points of the level of programs and the extent of scientific efficiency. It has become a competition between the universities and colleges to get the scientific reputation in academic circles a catalyst development in higher education as universities seek to attract the best students to scientifically registered in universities

 As well as attract the best faculty, researchers, assistants and other staff members of the technical and administrative expertise. And attention to quality and quality does not mean the absence of a modest institutions do not care about the academic standards of scientific and reputation are present but do not represent a large proportion in higher education institutions did not affect day of days to compete serious institutions and outstanding


Characteristic of higher education in the United States

A feature of higher education in the United States the broad climate of freedom enjoyed by universities and colleges, the freedom of management and freedom of thought and freedom of study and research activity

 
Universities are full of scientific, political, social, cultural and various sports activities, and active individual finds space to work within the existing institutions within universities, scientific Valjmaaat interested in seminars, conferences and research and publishing

Student unions are competing in the activities of political, cultural, social, and libraries filled with art galleries and cultural activities, and the potential of the university available to everyone under the terms and regulations transparent - often - enabling everyone to work regardless of their social or ethnic backgrounds or even different religions, cultures and nationalities
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